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Literature reviews can be categorized as experimental and theoretical.
Therefore, it is one of the most critical parts of one’s research.
Every research report/ thesis/research article begins with an introduction to the topic of research. The main purpose of the review is to introduce the readers to the need for conducting the said research.
Once the sample studies have been shortlisted, they are analyzed in detail.
Results: The results section for these studies involves comprehensive data analysis to determine the significance of the study outcomes.
This section requires critical interpretation by the author such that the review adds value to existing literature.
It should bring out ideas/hypotheses that can explain any discrepancies and provide solutions to existing problems.Systematic reviews can be accompanied with Meta-analysis which involves statistical analysis of the included studies to increase the power of the results.Discussion: This section usually interprets the study data based on their weighted significance and the power of the results.The details are described below: Methods (only for systematic reviews): These studies have a comprehensive methodology that starts by narrowing down the literature for the review.Usually, specific inclusion/exclusion criteria are set based on the research questions and databases are searched based on these criteria.This section compares and contrasts published studies and identifies gaps that have not been addressed or have been unsuccessfully addressed. This section differs slightly between reviews which are part of research articles and narrative reviews.The section describes the main conclusions from analysis of all the current studies and puts forth further avenues for research.A poorly executed scientific literature review can destroy a research thesis in four easy steps: It’s not about maximizing the quantity of material reviewed, nor should the objective be to read “everything” about your proposed topic – for some topics that would be a physical impossibility.Focus on the relevance of the material to your proposed topic, and map out a logical framework for analyzing that material.The purpose of writing a literature review is to establish your authority in your research.Without that established credibility, your research findings are dismissed as nothing but your opinions founded on some basic methodologies.