That is a structure that has been tried and tested over a very long time, and it is generally a good format for delivering an emotionally satisfying experience to the reader.
Here are the descriptions of the five main phases of the standard narrative arc.
Not all parts of the plot rainbow are required for a good narrative essay, but they are usually included in some capacity.
One should carefully understand and study the core differences between narrative and other kinds of essays in order to get a firm understanding of the purpose.
Important note: A narrative essay is not quite the same thing as a short story.