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All good quality journal articles will include a small Literature Review after the Introduction paragraph. (2016) Pop-up library at the University of Birmingham: extending the reach of an academic library by taking "the library" to the students.
You can find instructions for how to do this for each of the different referencing styles in the Library citing and referencing guide, but as a general rule, this can be done as follows: If you want to refer to a small number of literature sources at once, you can list each of them within the citation at the end of the relevant information, separated by semicolons.
For example: Only a few epidemiologic investigations have assessed the intake of chocolate products as part of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) (Arts et al., 2002; di Giuseppe et al., 2008), whereas other studies have simply asked about chocolate intake as part of a lifestyle questionnaire (Lee & Paffenbarger, 1998; Paganini-Hill, Kawas, & Corrada, 2007).
If you still have questions after reading our sample review, don't hesitate to contact our academic editors.
The Reign of Terror, which occurred between 17, was the most brutal phase of the French Revolution.
It was during this time that the guillotine was introduced and Maximilien Robespierre rose to power.
There is a wealth of current scholarship on Robespierre's politics and the reasons for his eventual decline, but academics tend to agree that his radicalism was the central catalyst for his execution and the subsequent fracturing of the revolutionary party.
A stand-alone literature review aims to summarise and evaluate the current knowledge of a specific topic, whereas a literature review that forms part of a research proposal or project also describes the gaps in the current knowledge that the project aims to address.
This module is intended as an introductory guide to writing stand-alone literature reviews.