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It follows that your ability to write syntheses depends on your ability to infer relationships among sources - essays, articles, fiction, and also nonwritten sources, such as lectures, interviews, observations.This process is nothing new for you, since you infer relationships all the time - say, between something you've read in the newspaper and something you've seen for yourself, or between the teaching styles of your favorite and least favorite instructors.Explanations may entail descriptions that re-create in words some object, place, event, sequence of events, or state of affairs.
If you imagine a synthesis essay as a room in which the synthesis writer is joined by the authors of her/his sources, the 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 essay has everyone engaged in conversation or debate, with everyone commenting on (or arguing against) each other's ideas directly.
In the 2.5 and below essay, each person in the room stands up in turn, gives a speech, and sits down, with little or no question and answer period in between or afterward.4.
Your purpose in writing (based on your assignment) will determine how you relate your source materials to one another.
Your purpose in writing determines which sources you use, which parts of them you use, at which points in your essay you use them, and in what manner you relate them to one another.
However, at times your argumentative synthesis essays will include sections that are explanatory in nature.
THE ARGUMENT SYNTHESIS: The purpose of an argument synthesis is for you to present your own point of view - supported, of course, by relevant facts, drawn from sources, and presented in a logical manner. It makes a proposition about which reasonable people could disagree, and any two writers working with the same source materials could conceive of and support other, opposite theses.3.You should already have drawn some conclusions about the quality and validity of these sources; and you should know how much you agree or disagree with the points made in your sources and the reasons for your agreement or disagreement.Further, you must go beyond the critique of individual sources to determine the relationship among them.The explanatory synthesis does not go much beyond what is obvious from a careful reading of the sources.You will not be writing explanatory synthesis essays in this course.THE EXPLANATORY SYNTHESIS: An explanatory synthesis helps readers to understand a topic.Writers explain when they divide a subject into its component parts and present them to the reader in a clear and orderly fashion.Having read and considered sources A, B, and C, can you infer something else - D (not a source, but your own idea)?Because a synthesis is based on two or more sources, you will need to be selective when choosing information from each.USING YOUR SOURCES Your purpose determines not only what parts of your sources you will use but also how you will relate them to one another.Since the very essence of synthesis is the combining of information and ideas, you must have some basis on which to combine them.