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One promising source of metadata was Penn State’s electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) server.
Records provided in OAI-PMH feeds are currently in unqualified DC format. The existing minimalist approach to cataloging TDs was used as a foundation for cataloging ETDs.
Electronic aspects were added to the catalog records (MARC 006, 007, 538, and 856), added entries for thesis advisors were included for the first time (in MARC 700), and author-supplied keywords were added to MARC 653.
Manuscript submitted May 26, 2015; returned to author September 29, 2015 for revision; revised manuscript submitted November 23, 2015; returned to author for minor revision February 4, 2016; accepted for publication March 25, 2016.
Most academic theses and dissertations are now born-digital assets (i.e., electronic theses and dissertations).
This paper describes the Digital Access Team’s efforts to design an ETD cataloging workflow by harvesting author-supplied metadata using a customized DC-to-MARCXML Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT) crosswalk in Marc Edit to create a file of Resource Description and Access (RDA) MARC records for batch loading into The CAT.
The history of thesis cataloging at Penn State is described, including the transition to cataloging ETDs, and how the new harvesting method has improved access to ETDs while simultaneously freeing up staff time.
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) were assigned until 1964, though the headings were generally broad in scope.
From 1965 until 1974, LCSH were added only when a personal name, corporate name, or title of a work were present in the TD title.
Literature addressing the harvesting of ETD author-supplied metadata for creating MARC records for online catalogs is somewhat sparse, although efforts date back as far as 1999. Sharretts, Shieh, and French described how the University of Virginia Library’s pilot project using the Unix command-line utility Grep to extract bibliographic data from thesis PDF title pages and how it evolved into a series of Perl scripts that ran when a student submitted an ETD online.
As OAI-PMH became more common, libraries began using this protocol to harvest ETD author-supplied metadata.