Scientists had learned how to use steam to create power, and from that came a whole list of other inventions that used steam power to make machines operate.
One of these machines was the steam train, in the early 1800s.
The kind of life a child had in the Victorian times depended on its family.
Today, every child in Britain has the right to a free education. Young children were forced to work as soon as they were old enough to earn money for their families.
Children could also find themselves 'hired out' (sold) to work in factories or mines.
The time when Queen Victoria reigned is called the Victorian era or Victorian age.The food was tasteless and was the same day after day.The young and old as well as men and women were made to work hard, often doing unpleasant jobs.In the 1830s children could wave at puffing steam trains on the railways.By the 1860s, they rode bicycles, watched airships, ate tinned food, and talked excitedly of the latest huge iron steamships.Even very young children had to work if their family needed them to.However, life had improved a lot for people by the end of the Victorian era.Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881) – Prime Minister in 1868 and again from 1874-1880William Gladstone (1809-1898) – Prime Minister four different times between 18, which is more than any other prime minister; he supported laws that allowed more people to vote W. Fox-Talbot – an inventor who found ways to take photographs using negatives Robert Peel (1788-1850) – Prime Minister from 1834-18-1846, who set up the Metropolitan Police Force in 1829.Living in the Victorian era was exciting because of all the new inventions and pace of change and progress, but it was a hard time to live in if you didn’t have much money.The Great Exhibition in 1851 celebrated not just great accomplishments from around the world, but also within Britain and the British Empire.Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859) – a famous engineer who build steam ships, bridges, tunnels and even helped with the Crystal Palace used to house the Great Exhibition James Watt (1736-1819) – a Scottish engineer who invented an improved steam engine used in factories and mines Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) – most famous for inventing the telephone Thomas Edison (1847-1931) – an American inventor who made the phonograph and helped Joseph Wilson Swan (1828-1914) in Britain create the first electric light bulbs.