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In order to prove the thesis statement, the research provided two major arguments in favor of the Iroquois influence thesis.The first group of arguments center on the popular notion that Indians did possess a democratic form of government as evident on the fraternal organization of the Improved Order of Red Men during the Revolution of the Sons of Liberty.
As stated earlier, all of the arguments, together with the concepts and other ideas were lifted from seven academic journals focusing on the Iroquois and the role that they played in terms of shaping the Constitution.
Grinde and Johansen asserted that Iroquois had a significant impact in terms of unity, territorial expansion and origins of sovereignty among people and universal suffrage.
In addition with this, they also did not have an idea about expressing their own thoughts in relevant matters in relation with their government.
According to Sheehan (1937 as cited from Tooker 1988, 307), the old Sons of Liberty came across of their idea of democracy from “wild savages who roamed the forest at will rejoicing in the unrestrained occupation of this great new world” (307).
It is with this respect that Grinde and Johansen maintained that the League of the Iroquois together with its representative form of democracy had shaped the federal constitution and also became a catalyst for American unity.
Despite of the strength of these two major groups of arguments, criticisms still emerged in terms of the validity of its claims.In order to prove this thesis statement, the research provided arguments from various academic journal articles stating the reasons why and how the Iroquois influenced the current Constitution.To assure objectivity in the research, counterarguments were also presented and various criticisms were taken into consideration; consequently these were critically compared to the arguments leaning towards in favor of the Iroquois League influence.Elisabeth Tooker asserted that Grinde and Johansen’s logic and study of the Iroquois political culture was a result of a scholarly misapprehension.According to Tooker upon review of the League of the Iroquois, one can deduce based from the review of the documents used that there are no support pertaining to the claim that can support the influence thesis.It is with this respect that the authors concluded that American democracy happened due to the synthesis of Native American political concepts.Grinder and Johansen said that this is evident on the interpretive and documentary evidences of the transference of American Indian perspectives to the American people is vivid in the colonial, revolutionary and national records of the country.In addition with this, Payne (1996) also said that the standard works in the American Constitution does not sufficiently credit the influences of Indians, hence they are often called as the “forgotten founders” as most of the details present the ideas of British-American thinkers (Johansen as cited from Payne 1996, 605).Research Problem and Research Objectives For the purpose of this research, the author focuses on proving that: The Iroquois League influenced the framing of the American Constitution.In addition with this Payne also asserted that the Articles of Confederation was created 20 years after the supposed influence of Benjamin Franklin, hence the weakening of the claim that the Iroquois League indeed directly influenced the creation of the American Constitution.Background of the Problem On 1987, the 1987 Bicentennial of the United States Senate passed Senator Daniel Inouye’s claim “to acknowledge the contribution of the Iroquois Confederacy of Nation to the development of the United States Constitution” (Levy 1996, 589).