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Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are a number of approaches you could adopt depending upon the type of analysis underpinning your study.Argumentative Review This form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, deeply imbedded assumption, or philosophical problem already established in the literature.This repeats until the lawyer has presented all the essential and necessary evidence to understand the situation at hand.
For example, a literature review on theories of Alzheimer’s disease might examine the literature by first providing the earliest medical developments of treatment and progressing to the latest models and treatments.
This type of organization is related to what is referred to as a descriptive review in which you sequence the review according to how your topic has been organized by others.
Your transitions need to tell the reader how each new point or piece of evidence fits with the one before it and what you think about it.
Your reader should never have to figure out why you chose to include the quotation or evidence you did, or what it means.
A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.
The analytical features of a literature review might: It is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers.
In a literature review organized chronologically, you group and discuss your sources in order of their publication date, highlighting the changes in research in the field and your specific topic over time.
This structure is useful for reviews focusing on research methodology, historiographical papers, and other writing in which you want to emphasize how ideas have developed over time.
Once you have analyzed, synthesized, and evaluated the relevant sources for your topic, you need to think about presenting the material in a way that will best shape your argument and make sense to your readers.
Think of organizing a literature review as a lawyer would present a case to a jury.