Once completed, the outline can be filled in and rearranged as a plan for a new improved version of the document.Tags: Hermaphrodite EssayUf Admission EssayDetailed Business PlanHow Write Application LettersSample Research Methodology For DissertationSigmund Freud Psychoanalysis Essays
If more levels of outline are needed, lower-case Roman numerals and numbers and lower-case letters, sometimes with single and double parenthesis can be used, although the exact order is not well defined, and usage varies widely. MLA style is sometimes incorrectly referred to as APA style, based on the practice of the United States Congress in drafting legislation, suggests the following sequence, from the top to the seventh level (the only ones specified): I. Because of its use in the US Code and other US law books, many American lawyers consequently use this outline format.
The scheme recommended by the MLA Handbook, among others, uses the usual five levels, as described above, then repeats the Arabic numerals and lower-case letter surrounded by parentheses (round brackets) – I. Another alternative scheme repeats all five levels with a single parenthesis for the second five – I) A) 1) a) i) – and then again with a double parenthesis for the third five – (I) (A) (1) (a) (i).
Shields and Rangarajan (2013) recommend that new scholars develop a system to do this.
Part of the system should contain a systematic way to take notes on the scholarly sources.
The Outline of Knowledge was a project by Mortimer Adler. The prefix is in the form of Roman numerals for the top level, upper-case letters (in the alphabet of the language being used) for the next level, Arabic numerals for the next level, and then lowercase letters for the next level.
Propædia had three levels, 10 "Parts" at the top level, 41 "Divisions" at the middle level and 167 "Sections" at the bottom level, numbered, for example, "1. For further levels, the order is started over again.Many outlines include a numerical or alphanumerical prefix preceding each entry in the outline, to provide a specific path for each item, to aid in referring to and discussing the entries listed.An alphanumerical outline uses alternating letters and numbers to identify entries. An outline without prefixes is called a "bare outline". A reverse outline is a list of sentences or topics that is created from an existing work, as a revision tool; it may show the gaps in the document's coverage so that they may be filled, and may help in rearranging sentences or topics to improve the structure and flow of the work.If an organizational level in an outline is to be sub-divided, it shall have at least two subcategories, as advised by major style manuals in current use.An outline may be used as a drafting tool of a document, or as a summary of the content of a document or of the knowledge in an entire field.Reverse outlining is like reverse engineering a document.The points or topics are extracted from the work, and are arranged in their order of presentation, by section, in the outline.This is usually not problematic because lower level items are usually referred to hierarchically. So, the ninth sub-item (letter-I) of the first item (Roman-I) is item I. The decimal outline format has the advantage of showing how every item at every level relates to the whole, as shown in the following sample outline: Special types of outlines include reverse outlines and integrated outlines.For example, the third sub-sub-item of the fourth sub-item of the second item is item II. A reverse outline is an outline made from an existing work.There are two main styles of outline: sentence outlines and topic outlines.Propædia is the historical attempt of the Encyclopædia Britannica to present a hierarchical "Outline of Knowledge" in a separate volume in the 15th edition of 1974. Similar to section numbers, an outline prefix is a label (usually alphanumeric or numeric) placed at the beginning of an outline entry to assist in referring to it. An alphanumeric outline includes a prefix at the beginning of each topic as a reference aid.