It was modeled after the Vermont community in which Jackson herself spent much of her adult life.
However, the setting is deeply ironic, for it serves to highlight the hypocrisy, brutality, and perhaps even inherent evil of human nature, or at least this town and nearby towns, even after centuries of supposed civilization.
Initially, the reader has no idea what the lottery truly entails, which is a sanitized ritual in brutality.
As a result, the inhumanity of the townspeople is brought out in sharp relief against the setting of "The Lottery." The setting is thus ironic because the otherwise normal town is the location of senseless murder.
Even the title of the short story is a classic example of irony.
Bill Hutchinson has selected the special slip, and his family is singled out.
Tess Hutchinson expresses her discontent and accuses Mrs. Hutchinson and their three children, select one of the five slips in the box. Hutchinson, reveal that their slips of paper are blank.Her statement about the fairness of the lottery is ironic because until her family is selected, Tess does not seem to believe the lottery is unfair.However, the reader comes to realize that the lottery has been unfair all along.Shortly thereafter, the men and women begin to gather, chatting amongst themselves before standing together as families. Summers, who has no children and whose wife is unpleasant. Graves, who follows him to bring the stool upon which Mr. The black box used for the lottery is even older than the oldest town citizen, Old Man Warner. Summers stirs the slips of paper inside the black box.Originally, chips of wood were used, but as the town’s population increased, Mr.To the reader, the entire process of the lottery is inherently unfair, unjust, unthinkable.Its ritual, formally grounded in longtime tradition, not just in the town but elsewhere, does not mask the mindless evil of the act.Modern readers in particular would ordinarily associate a lottery with a winner who gains a positive experience or a reward.In this case, however, Jackson's lottery results not in a winner but in a definite loser who is stoned to death by the village.The lottery results in the "winner" being stoned to death by the townspeople.They otherwise appear to be normal, not murderous, but this is just what they do every so often.