The Korean War Essay

The Truman administration also faced internal criticism regarding its commitment to anticommunism at home. Although Mc Carthy was just warming up, the recent trials of Alger Hiss and others for espionage left the Truman administration apprehensive about its anticommunist credentials.Republican Senator Joseph Mc Carthy of Wisconsin had recently begun his infamous hunt for communists within the U. Truman and his advisors found themselves under increased domestic pressure not to appear "soft" on communism abroad.

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In an effort to avoid a long-term decision regarding Korea's future, the United States and the Soviet Union agreed to divide Korea temporarily along the 38th parallel, a latitudinal line that bisected the country.

This line became more rigid after 1946, when Kim Il Sung organized a communist government in the north---the Democratic People's Republic.

"If we don't put up a fight now," Truman observed to his staff, there was "no telling what they'll do." His concern over the future of anticommunist governments in Asia showed in his public statement.

Truman pledged to defend Formosa (Taiwan) from attack and to support French forces in Indochina, a conflict that would eventually escalate into the Vietnam War.

Fearing that the Soviets intended to seize the entire peninsula from their position in the north, the United States quickly moved its own troops into southern Korea.

The Korean War Essay

Japanese troops surrendered to the Russians in the north and to the Americans in the south.On the eve of the North Korean invasion, a number of events had made Truman anxious.The Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb in 1949, ending the United States' monopoly on the weapon.Indeed, Asia proved to be the site of the first major battle waged in the name of containment: the Korean War.In 1950 the Korea Peninsula was divided between a Soviet-backed government in the north and an American-backed government in the south.The United Nations Security Council responded to the attack by adopting (by a 9-0 vote) a resolution that condemned the invasion as a "breach of the peace." The Council did not have a Soviet delegate, since 6 months prior, the Soviet Union had left to protest the United Nation's refusal to seat a delegate from China. Truman quickly committed American forces to a combined United Nations military effort and named Gen. So why did the United States become involved in the Korean conflict?The decision to intervene in Korea grew out of the tense atmosphere that characterized Cold War politics.In Europe, Soviet intervention in Greece and Turkey had given rise to the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, which funneled aid to war-torn Europe in the hopes of warding off communist political victories.In early 1950, President Truman directed the National Security Council (NSC) to conduct an analysis of Soviet and American military capabilities.War broke out along the 38th parallel on June 25, 1950. Fifteen other nations also sent troops under the U. Although it backed the government of Syngman Rhee, the United States had begun withdrawing its troops from South Korea in 1948.On that day, North Korean troops coordinated an attack at several strategic points along the parallel and headed south toward Seoul. As late as January of 1950, Secretary of State Dean Acheson had implied that the Korea Peninsula lay outside the all-important "defense perimeter" of the United States, a statement that some took to mean that the United States would not defend the ROK from communist attack.


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