You'll be expected to know the number of days in a year, the number of hours in a day, and other basic units of measure.
You'll also be expected to know that "perimeter" indicates the length around the outside of a flat shape such as a rectangle (so you'll probably be adding lengths) and that "area" indicates the size of the insides of the flat shape (so you'll probably be multiplying length by width, or applying some other formula).
Sometimes you'll not feel sure of your translation of the English into a mathematical expression or equation. For instance, if you're not sure if you should be dividing or multiplying, try the process each way with regular numbers.
For instance, suppose you're not sure if "half of (the unknown amount)" should be represented by multiplying by one-half, or by dividing by one-half.
You would be expected to understand that this meant that she worked eight hours for each of the four days Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday; and six hours for each of the two days Wednesday and Saturday.
Suppose you're told that Shelby earns "time and a half" for any hours she works over forty for a given week. And not just in the “I’m emotionally tired” kind of painful. If you don’t have the equation, it’s hard to solve it.We’re talking about the “my head hurts, I’m exhausted, that took too much work, I don’t know what’s next, I’m emotionally tired” kind of painful. That means you have a few steps before you can actually solve your math word problem. You don’t have to figure everything out at this point – just give the problem a nice handshake.Try first to get a feel for the whole problem; try first to see what information you have, and then figure out what you still need. Figure out what you need but don't have, and name things. And make sure you know just exactly what the problem is actually asking for.Pick variables to stand for the unknows, clearly labelling these variables with what they stand for. You need to do this for two reasons: " stands for, so you have to do the whole problem over again.The first step to effectively translating and solving word problems is to read the problem entirely.Don't start trying to solve anything when you've only read half a sentence.Back away from the calculator; use your brain first.Your mind analyzes, plans, and guides in the labyrinthine quest for the solution.You would be expected to know that "time and a half" means dollars for every over-time hour.You'll be expected to know that a "dozen" is twelve; you may be expected to know that a "score" is twenty.