Hoffman said.“There’s been a lot of people involved in the last 50 years in turtle conservation in Georgia,” he added.
One of the most fascinating creatures of the sea is the green sea turtle.
Green sea turtles, Chelonia mydas, get their name from the color of their body fat, which is green from the algae they eat. It is believed that green sea turtles are reptiles whose ancestors evolved on land and returned to sea about 150 million years ago.
Their species is so ancient that they watched the dinosaurs become extinct.
(They are much more graceful in the water.) After nightfall, they clamber onto the sand to find a good spot, which can take as long as 45 minutes if the tide is low.
Then they settle in and dig a little chamber with their back flippers, into which they may lay more than 100 eggs.The green sea turtle is one of the largest of sea turtles.Adults can weigh an average of 400 pounds and are often found living near coral reefs and rocky shorelines.Attempts to protect turtle nests ramped up around 40 years ago, he said, and since loggerheads can take about 30 years to reach sexual maturity, saved hatchlings are getting old enough to mate.(Many adult turtles weigh more than 200 pounds.)In addition, he said, the increased use of turtle excluder devices has made coastal waters safer for turtles. Pfaller added that while not all species of sea turtles are thriving around the world, the subpopulation of loggerheads that is centered on Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina is doing well.There were once millions of sea turtles world wide, But because of several reasons such as hunting, fishing, marine debris and coastal development, today there are fewer than 200,000 mature females remaining.The green sea turtle is listed as a threatened species and people need to get involved to make sure this beautiful species does not also become extinct.But if their mothers are any indication, these loggerhead sea turtles, once in such trouble they were designated as “threatened” by the federal government four decades ago, are making a comeback off the coast of Georgia.And it is beginning to look as if 2019 could be a record-breaking year, in terms of the number of female turtles who nest there.The nesting season is not over, and there have been years when the nesting rate started off high and then dropped.For female loggerheads, the nesting process is slow and a little clumsy.