“Evidence,” “reasoning,” and “stylistic or persuasive elements” are sometimes too broad to conceive an essay out of. On every essay, I like to have three go-to techniques that I always look for when reading the article and can use in my essay.These three are pathos, logos, and ethos – modes of persuasion that are present in practically all argumentative writing, these three techniques are easy to apply to an SAT essay.Plus, analyzing how the author uses these intellectual terms will show your grader that you have a high-level command of rhetorical analysis, and set you up for a classic five-paragraph essay.
Authors use ethos to add authority or legitimacy to their arguments.
The top of the page will read something like: Write an essay in which you explain how (the author) builds an argument to persuade his/her audience that (author’s argument is true).
In your essay, analyze how (the author) uses one or more of the features in the directions that precede the passage (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his/her argument.
On the old SAT, the essay questions were often vague philosophical prompts asking you to develop and support your position on the topic.
This opened itself up to all sorts of shenanigans by students, like blatantly lying about personal examples (I’m guilty…) or using examples from classic novels to show off their smarts.