Beginning in the late 18th Century, this period emphasized emotion, inspiration, and subjectivity.
Beginning in the late 18th Century, this period emphasized emotion, inspiration, and subjectivity.Tags: Internal Business Plan TemplateBest American Female EssayistsCreative Writing MeansHow To Write Literature Review For ResearchEssayforyou.ComKarl Marx Dissertation SpracheRose Emily Essay QuestionsGreat Expectations 8 Essay
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The standard eighteenth-century heroic couplet was replaced by a variety of forms such as the ballad, the metrical romance, the sonnet, ottava nina, blank verse, and the Spenserian stanza, all of which were forms that had been neglected since Renaissance times.
The romantic writers responded strongly to the impact of new forces, particularly the French Revolution and its promise of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
Another perspective for analysis of Romantic literature is through the theme, or the main topic or message being sent via the piece of literature.
The writings of this period cover a wide variety of themes, many of which can clearly show a response to the Enlightenment, the era focusing on rationalism and scientific fact.Romantic is a derivative of romant, which was borrowed from the French romaunt in the sixteenth century. Smith in his Words and Idioms, connoted "false and fictitious beings and feelings, without real existence in fact or in human nature"; it also suggested "old castles, mountains and forests, pastoral plains, waste and solitary places" and a "love for wild nature, for mountains and moors." The word passed from England to France and Germany late in the seventeenth century and became a critical term for certain poets who scorned and rejected the models of the past; they prided themselves on their freedom from eighteenth-century poetic codes.At first it meant only "like the old romances" but gradually it began to carry a certain taint. In Germany, especially, the word was used in strong opposition to the term classical.How the word romantic came to be applied to this period is something of a puzzle.Originally the word was applied to the Latin or Roman dialects used in the Roman provinces, especially France, and to the stories written in these dialects.The romantic period is a term applied to the literature of approximately the first third of the nineteenth century.During this time, literature began to move in channels that were not entirely new but were in strong contrast to the standard literary practice of the eighteenth century.According to René Wellek in his essay "The Concept of Romanticism" (Comparative Literature, Volume I), the widespread application of the word romantic to these writers was probably owing to Alois Brandl's Coleridge und die romantische Schule in England (Coleridge and the Romantic School in England, translated into English in 1887) and to Walter Pater's essay "Romanticism" in his Appreciations in 1889.The reaction to the standard literary practice and critical norms of the eighteenth century occurred in many areas and in varying degrees.The grouping together of the so-called Lake poets (Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Southey) with Scott, Byron, Keats, and Shelley as the romantic poets is late Victorian, apparently as late as the middle 1880s.And it should be noted that these poets did not recognize themselves as "romantic," although they were familiar with the word and recognized that their practice differed from that of the eighteenth century.