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LISP became a common language for artificial intelligence (AI) programming, partly owing to the confluence of LISP and AI work at MIT and partly because AI programs capable of “learning” could be written in LISP as self-modifying programs.
The codes are strings of 0s and 1s, or binary digits (“bits”), which are frequently converted both from and to hexadecimal (base 16) for human viewing and modification.
Machine language instructions typically use some bits to represent operations, such as addition, and some to represent operands, or perhaps the location of the next instruction.
This ability is important in systems programming, and C shares with assembly language the power to exploit all the features of a computer’s internal architecture.
C, along with its descendant C , remains one of the most common languages.record data structure for such tasks.