Review Of Related Literature Format

Body is normally used for describing the different themes under the main topic by dividing them into different subheadings.This section compares and contrasts published studies and identifies gaps that have not been addressed or have been unsuccessfully addressed. This section differs slightly between reviews which are part of research articles and narrative reviews.

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It should bring out ideas/hypotheses that can explain any discrepancies and provide solutions to existing problems.

On the other hand, systematic reviews follow a well-planned methodology to qualitatively or quantitatively analyze a defined number of studies.

“ on collaborative memory is that the memory of groups is compared with that of individuals. group performance should not be compared with individual performance but rather with ‘nominal groups’ comprised of pooled, non-redundant data from the same number of people tested individually.” 8. Most research involving the Experimentally Induced Information methodology seeks to identify the influence of misinformation presented by one witness to another, and therefore the assumption is made that discussion between witnesses is a detrimental process. “While the misinformation effect is a well-established phenomenon, ‘what remains in dispute is the nature of a satisfactory theoretical explanation’ (ref.). Therefore, in order to understand why memory conformity occurs, we must draw from both cognitive research on memory and social research on conformity.

In this section, relevant cognitive and social theories are discussed in order to (1) explain the occurrence of memory conformity and (2) describe factors that influence memory conformity.” 3.

Every research report/ thesis/research article begins with an introduction to the topic of research. The main purpose of the review is to introduce the readers to the need for conducting the said research.

A literature review should begin with a thorough literature search using the main keywords in relevant online databases such as Google Scholar, Pub Med, etc.The more extensive the review, the more precise and systematic the research project will be.Therefore, it is one of the most critical parts of one’s research.“Whilst biased guessing may account for the misinformation effect that occurs in some instances (refs.), research suggests that it is not the only reason for the occurrence of the misinformation effect. This suggests that the misinformation effect may be due at least partially to memory impairment, rather than just biased guessing.” 5.Sums up what has been learned from the review of the four current theoretical explanations. “Informational influence, biased guessing, and modification of memory may help to explain why memory conformity occurs when participants are tested individually, as they are in the studies presented in this thesis. The research presented in this thesis compares these alternative explanations to determine which best explains memory conformity in individual recall following co-witness discussion. “One way to determine whether memory conformity occurs because of biased guessing is to …” “Experiments described in this thesis (Studies 5-7) include a warning for some participants about possible misinformation in an attempt to determine whether participants report misinformation because of informational influence or memory change.” 7.For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy .By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies.Experimental literature review basically refers to surveying all the information available on a particular topic and critically analyzing the gaps that need to be worked upon.In this sense, it essentially forms the first experiment of any research project.The section describes the main conclusions from analysis of all the current studies and puts forth further avenues for research.This section requires critical interpretation by the author such that the review adds value to existing literature.


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