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The positions are being offered in the context of the European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant-funded project “Gangs, Gangsters, and Ganglands: Towards a Global Comparative Ethnography” (GANGS).
ISIS and other jihadi terrorist groups have a new recruiting ground — European criminal gangs.
In a new research paper, Jytte Klausen, the Lawrence A.
In her research, Klausen found that 22 percent of captured or dead jihadis in Brussels between 20 were known to have a criminal history before becoming radicalized.
The ringleader of the 2015 terrorist attacks on Paris, Abdelhamid Abaaoud, was part of a gang.
"We haven't previously seen this overlap between street gangs and politicized violence."Klausen's article was included in the book, "2019: Challenges in Counter-Extremism" published by the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change.
Blair, the former prime minister of the United Kingdom, wrote the forward.Klausen said the gangs include Muslims and non-Muslims and typically operate in disadvantaged neighborhoods in Europe's medium-sized cities.Their members commit crimes ranging from petty theft and drug offenses to murder."You're talking about street-side thugs who start out joining the gangs and then move into jihadism," Klausen said.In the past, young European men were radicalized in mosques and via the internet."We have a growing gang problem in Europe and gangs have increasingly taken on a politicized nature," Klausen said in an interview.They will be core members of the GANGS team, associated with the Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding (CCDP), and will also be fully integrated in the life of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at the Graduate Institute.Committed to theoretical innovation, robust empirical research, and fine-grained ethnographic fieldwork, the department and its doctoral programme foster the study of contemporary issues in global and transnational terms.She urges law enforcement to intervene by using a community policing model in particular locations and believes foreign fighters should be prosecuted for crimes committed outside Europe.“Investigating and highlighting such atrocious crimes may help turn young people against the narrative of terrorist groups as defenders of Islam,” she wrote.It draws on ethnographic research carried out in Nicaragua, South Africa, and France, adopting an explicitly tripartite focus on “Gangs”, “Gangsters”, and “Ganglands” in order to better explore the interplay between group, individual, and contextual factors.The first will consider the organisational dynamics of gangs, the second will focus on individual gang members and their trajectories before, during, and after their involvement in a gang, while the third will reflect on the contexts within which gangs emerge and evolve.