Tags: Stanford Gsb Application Essay QuestionsDissertation Proposal ExamplesBest Essays Customer ServiceComparative Analysis Research PaperPaper Writing JobsDo Narrative Essays Have ParagraphsEasy Scholarships To Apply For No Essay
What similarities or differences are there between this experience and other experiences? What choices did you make and what effect did they have?Reflection is an important yet ethereal skill that all Occupational Therapists need to master.
Criticisms are: May be too complicated for a beginner who is new to reflection.
Good for: Organisational model, examines situations in context of the environment.
Gillie Bolton suggests exercises for creative ways to reflect in her book Reflective Practice: Writing and Professional Development (chapter 4). Basic, good starting point, six distinctive stages.
Makes you aware of all the stages you go through when experiencing an event.
Professional model: gaining professional artistry and increasing professional confidence. Easy to remember when you’re out and about using the simple “What? This model is based on Borton’s developmental model.
Criticisms are: highlights the difference between the two types of reflection but does not provide extensive guidance for carrying out either. Working through the same questions at different levels can be used to develop from novice to expert.Reflective tools need to be accessible and useful to the user, and to produce meaningful results. However, if applied only at the level of the three core questions, then a full inventory of the situation being reflected upon may not take place, and the insight produced as a consequence might tend to the simplistic or descriptive.Gibbs' reflective model Gibbs' (1988) model is cyclic and has six principal elements: In this section, you look back on your emotional state and your rational thoughts about the situation or occurrence being reflected upon. How did your emotions and thought alter (if at all) after the situation arose?Provides prompt questions that are easy to follow, and can be used in any order (although they follow a natural progression). Based on Carper’s (1978) four types of knowing -empirical, personal, ethical and aesthetic- Johns adds a fifth one – reflexivity- to create his model.Criticisms are: The prompt questions aren’t rigidly structured which could be confusing for someone inexperienced to know which ones could be omitted and which are salient for their particular reflection.In the evaluative element of the cycle, consider how well the situation was handled.Look for positives as well as negatives; be fair to yourself and to the contexts of the event being reflected upon.Does not have the number or depth of probing questions as other models. ” questions, but repeats these questions at three levels, with increasingly deeper reflection at each level.Good for: Schön described reflection-in-action (in the moment surprise & puzzlement) and reflection-on-action (a cognitive post-mortem after the fact). ” Criticisms are: It does not lead to deeper reflection about yourself, only the situation Good for: based on the three “What? The levels are descriptive, theoretical and action-orientated.Below is a rough guide to the different models of reflection out there, and which situations they’re best geared towards.They are ordered (in my opinion) from the easier ones for the beginner who is trying to break down and evaluate a situation, to the more complex ones that build on the basics and hope to elicit a change in your personal beliefs and challenge your assumptions.