In some areas of the Humanities, footnotes are used exclusively for references, and their use for conventional footnotes (explanations or examples) is avoided.
In these areas, the term "footnote" is actually used as a synonym for "reference", and care must be taken by editors and typesetters to ensure that they understand how the term is being used by their authors.
Depending on the choice of style, fully cited parenthetical references may require no end section.
Other styles include a list of the citations, with complete bibliographical references, in an end section, sorted alphabetically by author.
Despite these attributes, many drawbacks and shortcoming of citation practices have been reported, including for example honorary citations, circumstantial citations, discriminatory citations, selective and arbitrary citations.
Harvard, MLA, American Sociological Association (ASA), American Psychological Association (APA), and other citations systems, because their syntactic conventions are widely known and easily interpreted by readers.This list includes information about the sources like the author, date of publication, title of the source and more.A Harvard reference list must: In-text references are references written within the main body of text and refer to a quote or paraphrase. The full reference of in-text citations appears in the reference list.For example, an excerpt from the text of a paper using a notes system without a full bibliography could look like: In the humanities, many authors also use footnotes or endnotes to supply anecdotal information.In this way, what looks like a citation is actually supplementary material, or suggestions for further reading.Check out our other citation guides on APA and MLA 8 referencing.A reference list is a complete list of all the sources used when creating a piece of work.Each of these citation systems has its advantages and disadvantages. Bibliographies, and other list-like compilations of references, are generally not considered citations because they do not fulfill the true spirit of the term: deliberate acknowledgement by other authors of the priority of one's ideas.Different citation systems and styles are used in scientific citation, legal citation, prior art, the arts, and the humanities.This is a complete guide to Harvard in-text and reference list citations.This easy-to-use, comprehensive guide makes citing any source easy.