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In healthcare, a gap exists between what is known from research and what is practiced.
A total of 43 articles from three online databases (CINAHL, Medline, and Pubmed) comprised the final sample of articles included in the review.
Two commonly used multi-item self-report measures (published in 16 papers) were identified--the Nurses Practice Questionnaire and the Research Utilization Questionnaire.
He emphasized the complexity of the measurement process, suggesting that knowledge utilization may not always be tied to a specific action, and that it may exist as more of an omnibus concept.
The only review of research utilization measures to date was conducted in 2003 by Estabrooks et al..
Our approach to reliability and validity assessment followed that outlined in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing.
Of 42,770 titles screened, 97 original studies (108 articles) were included in this review.
The objectives of this systematic review were: to identify self-report measures of research utilization used in healthcare, and to assess the psychometric properties (acceptability, reliability, and validity) of these measures.
We conducted a systematic review of literature reporting use or development of self-report research utilization measures.
We located three theoretical papers explicitly addressing the measurement of knowledge utilization (of which research utilization is a component) [9–11], and one integrative review that examined the psychometric properties of self-report research utilization measures used in professions allied to medicine .
Within each of these papers, a need for conceptual clarity and pluralism in measurement was stressed.