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Yet, research efforts examining interventions to enhance older adults decision-making abilities are lacking. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-411469-2.00013-3 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Shivapour, S. Deficits in decision-making may be a function of weaknesses in executive functioning. Elderly depressed patients receiving PST-PC treatments have exhibited reduction of symptoms, endorsed higher response rate to treatment, and greater remission rate when compared with those receiving a person-centered psychotherapy treatment approach (Arean et al., 2010). Randomised controlled trial comparing problem solving treatment with amitryptyline and placebo for major depression in primary care.
Particularly, as the task progressed to the last 20% of trials, participants in the PST-PC group significantly outperformed participants in the Control group in terms of making more advantageous decisions. When comparing PST-PC with antidepressants among depressed patients, PST-PC has been shown to be just as efficacious in improving psychological symptoms and social functioning (Mynors-Wallis et al., 1995). Furthermore, the effectiveness of PST-PC has been evaluated in several randomized-controlled trials to treat various psychological problems including depression, anxiety, and insomnia (Dowrick et al., 2000; Mynors-Wallis et al., 2000). doi: 10.1136/bmj.310.6977.441 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Okdie, B. Problem-Solving Therapy for Primary Care was developed as an efficient modality to treat patients in busy primary care settings over the course of 4–8 sessions. It has been found that as few as three sessions of PST-PC could be beneficial (Mynors-Wallis et al., 2000; Hegel et al., 2004; Arean et al., 2008). doi: 10.3389/fnins.2016.00002 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Reuter-Lorenz, P. Some older adults who are cognitively healthy have been found to make poor decisions. doi: 10.1080/87565649709540669 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Tranel, D., Hathaway-Nepple, J., and Anderson, S. The vulnerability of such older adults has been postulated to be the result of disproportionate aging of the frontal lobes that contributes to a decline in executive functioning abilities among some older adults. Even older adults who are cognitively healthy, without a neurodegenerative disease or mild cognitive impairment, have been found to make poor decisions (Denburg et al., 2007). Specifically, some older adults fail to make advantageous decisions and become susceptible to scams, make poor financial decisions, or experience abuse of trust and get taken advantage of by others. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether decision-making performance in older adults can be enhanced by a psychoeducational intervention. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00783 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Tranel, D., Benton, A., and Olson, K. A 10-year longitudinal study of cognitive changes in elderly persons. Twenty cognitively and emotionally intact persons aged 65 years and older were recruited and randomized into two conditions: psychoeducational condition [Problem-Solving Therapy for Primary Care (PST-PC)] and no-treatment Control group.