Topics covered include: how we generate a useful representation of a problem as a starting point; general problem solving strategies we use in unfamiliar situations; possible processes involved in insight or lateral thinking; the nature of problem similarity and the role of analogies in problem solving; understanding and learning from textbooks; and how we develop expertise through the learning of specific problem solving skills.
Clear, up-to-date and accessible, Problem Solving will be of interest to undergraduates and postgraduates in cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and educational psychology.
Teaching and Assessing Story Problems: Schema based Problem Solving Environment Manoj Praveen G.
(Associate Professor, Farook Training College, Kerala, India) Chapter 6.
Self-Regulatory Strategies During Problem-Solving by Using an Inquiry-Based Approach: “Make Sense of Problems and Persevere in Solving Them” Areti Panaoura (Frederick University Cyprus, Republic of Cyprus) Chapter 11.
Improving Undergraduate Student Generic Problem Solving Skills by using Problem-Based Learning in a Large Classroom Setting A. Hurren (Department of Biology, University of British Columbia Okanagan Campus, Kelowna, BC, Canada, and others) Chapter 12. Unlike exercises, there is never a simple recipe for solving a problem. ” That is where you need some tools in your toolbox, and some experience to draw upon.You can get better and better at solving problems, both by building up your background knowledge and by simply practicing. at the University of Budapest, and was a professor at Stanford University (among other universities). Much has been written since 1945 to explain these steps in more detail, but the truth is that they are more art than science.The focus on the practical transfer of learning through problem solving will also make it of relevance to educationalists and business psychologists.Think back to the first problem in this chapter, the ABC Problem. Even if you did not figure it out completely by yourself, you probably worked towards a solution and figured out some things that work.As you solve more problems (and learn how other people solved them), you learn strategies and techniques that can be useful. George Pólya was a great champion in the field of teachingeffective problem solving skills. He wrote many mathematical papers along with three books, most famously, “How to Solve it.” Pólya died at the age 98 in 1985. This is where math becomes a creative endeavor (and where it becomes so much fun).This is all well and good, but how do you actually do these steps?!?! We will articulate some useful problem solving strategies, but no such list will ever be complete.The Interpersonal Problem-Solving Process: Assessment and Intervention Saray Bonete and Clara Molinero (Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, Spain) Chapter 7.A Multi-Dimensional Scale to Measure Strategies for Solving Personal Problems: Validation and Outcomes Yoshinori Sugiura and Tomoko Sugiura (Hiroshima University, Japan, and others) Chapter 8. Torres (University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain, and others) Chapter 13.Life is a series of coping with a variety of problems.Major or minor problems arise for us all the time, and our life is filled with them.