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This story about the Underworld is part of Greek mythology.References to the different myths can be found in pictures painted on vases, and in Greek literature like by Homer.Each god had certain symbols that would help you tell which was which – for instance, Poseidon (god of the sea) always carried around a trident, and Aphrodite (goddess of love) is usually shown with doves.
Once you crossed the River Styx, you’d join other souls in the afterlife – but nobody stayed around there for too long.
The Greeks believed that souls of the dead would be reborn, so you’d only have to stay around the Underworld as long as it took for your soul to wait in the rebirth queue.
The Parthenon in Athens is a large temple built to honour Athena. Creating a temple for a god meant putting their statue inside it, and maybe even decorating it with the god’s symbols.
People went to the temple to pray to the god/goddess and bring offerings, such as treasures or food.
Hades was in charge of the Underworld, and the god Hermes would guide people along to the River Styx – this separated the world of the living from the world of the dead.
It cost money to be ferried across the River Styx, so when people were buried their families would place a coin on their body to make sure they could pay the fare.
Everyone learned how to play a musical instrument, such as the lyre (a kind of small harp) or the double aulos (a pair of pipes with holes like a recorder).
Boys learned how to be good athletes, but in Sparta girls exercised as well – everyone had to be fit and ready to defend Sparta. Archimedes (c.287-212 BC) – Archimedes was a famous Greek mathematician and philosopher.
Sometimes unwanted babies would be left in a public place for someone to take and raise as a slave.
Education was important to the Greeks, and children were taught a variety of things.