Free-market capitalism meant that the government had no role in regulating the new industries or planning services for new towns.And those who controlled the government liked it that way—only a small minority of people, the wealthiest, could vote in England at this time.
It demonstrated an important alteration, which strengthened countries economically and politically.
To this day, historians debate whether this revolution had only had good impacts in England.
By accessing a wide range of perspectives, it is clear that the Industrial Revolution had both positive and negative effects.
The Industrial Revolution brought many hardships to the majority of the population.
Factories had poor working conditions, while offering low wages for a full sixteen hours a day of manual labour.
An excerpt from William Cooper's testimony in Document 1 proves that labour hours were to long for the workers. Conclusion According to The Working Man's Companion, "An infinite number of comforts and conveniences which had no existence two or three centuries ago and those comforts are not used only by a few, but are within the reach of almost all men.For example, no laws prevented businesses from hiring seven-year-old children to work full time in coal mines or factories.No laws regulated what factories could do with their biohazard waste.Looking in retrospect, the Industrial Revolution gave birth to a new era of modernisation, which has been the foundation of the economic world we live in today.Thus, it is evident that the Industrial Revolution's benefits outweighed the costs. The crystal palace (image to the right) was a cast iron and glass structure built for the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London in which countries showed off technological products of the Industrial Revoltuion. Now that we have looked at how and why the Industrial Revolution occurred, it’s time to consider its effects on people.We learned that industrial production increased tremendously, bringing wealth and power to Great Britain throughout the 19th century.The Industrial Revolution was a stage in history, which lasted from 1800-1850.During this era, mass production flourished and capitalists began to gain power.Was living in a new industrial city and working in a factory an improvement over life in the countryside?Did the new factory life change for the better the roles of family members, including women and children? In general, did the Industrial Revolution improve life for most people?