Pollution In Dhaka City Essay

Pollution In Dhaka City Essay-21
(Photo by Stephan Uttom/ucanews.com) About 10 years ago Muhammad Motin was a farmer in a remote village in northern Bangladesh.The plot of land Motin had was not large enough for him to support his family which included his three sons.

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A motorcyclist drives past brick kilns just outside the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka.

Unregulated brick kilns are major air pollutants for the city and adjacent areas.

Unabated encroachment that prevents the free flow of water, dumping of medicinal waste and waste of river passengers have compounded the problem, making the water unusable for humans and livestock.

“Unfortunately, all these bad things — encroachment, dumping of industrial waste and other abuses — occur in full knowledge of the authorities,” said Professor Abdullah Abu Saeed, an eminent campaigner for “Save Buriganga, Save Lives.” Among the top polluters are dozens of tanneries on the banks of the Buriganga.

In search of a better life, he uprooted his family and they migrated to Dhaka, the country’s capital.

His family found a place in an overcrowded slum in Gabtoli near the city’s major inter-district bus terminal.He said the government often remains helpless amid pressure from lobby groups linked to the business community as well as a serious lack of awareness among people over air pollution.BAPA’s Matin said he refuses to accept the government’s excuse of helplessness over the issue.During winter, the city’s daily PM2.5 level increases to over 200 micrograms per cubic meter — eight times the level considered safe by the WHO. “A study carried by the UK government’s Department for International Development (DFID) in 2000 found that most deaths in health institutes across Bangladesh were caused from air pollution,” Matin said.In 2016, Bangladesh Health Ministry sponsored research estimated that more than 100,000 deaths across the country were linked to exposure to PM 2.5. “This was an unprecedented finding as most people had perceived water borne diseases or water pollution were responsible for most deaths,” he said.The plight of the Buriganga symbolizes the general state of many rivers in Bangladesh, a large flat land criss-crossed by hundreds of rivers which faces an uphill battle to keep them navigable and their waters safe for human and aquatic lives.Bangladesh has about 230 small and large rivers, and a large chunk of the country’s 140 million people depend on them for a living and for transportation.But experts say many of them are drying up or are choked because of pollution and encroachment.A World Bank study said four major rivers near Dhaka — the Buriganga, Shitalakhya, Turag and Balu — receive 1.5 million cubic metres of waste water every day from 7,000 industrial units in surrounding areas and another 0.5 million cubic meters from other sources.“Our government seems to be following the Chinese model of development, so it says if we want development we need to endure pollution,” Matin said.“China is a wealthy country and it can fix pollution after development work is completed, but we don’t have this recovery capacity,” he said.

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