It includes systems of value and values themselves (Hofstede, 1984).Unlike organizational culture, national culture is influenced by political systems, legal systems, education, family structures, economy, language and religion.In managing organizations in an international context, organizational and national cultures have great impacts.
It is rare to get women leading organizations and people.
A low masculinity means a society has a low level of differentiation and inequality between genders.
This makes them rule oriented and followers of established laws.
On the other hand, a low uncertainty avoidance score points a society that is less concerned about ambiguity and uncertainty.
Female get equal treatments in all aspects of society as they can take up leadership positions.
Organizations in a masculinity society will try to do what the society suggests by giving leadership position to male only.
The implication with organizational management is that they adjust to each country to reflect the needs of such countries.
The management in each country should be flexible enough to reflect the national culture.
The collectivism society presents a better environment for business management since the people will work in groups to achieve organizational goals.
However, many countries have individualism where people think of their personal need before those of others. In masculinity societies, male tend to dominate a significant portion of the society and power structure (Misra, 2009: 37).