This situation ends in him being punched in the stomach.The next morning, Holden calls Sally Hayes, an ex-girlfriend of his.Holden falls asleep on Antolini’s couch and awakes to Antolini stroking his forehead, which Holden interprets as a sexual advance.
Holden desperately wants to remain true and innocent in a world full of, as he puts it, “phonies.” Salinger once admitted in an interview that the novel was semi-autobiographical.
The Caulfield family was one Salinger had already explored in a number of stories that had been published by different magazines.
Originally solicited by Harcourt, Brace and Company, the manuscript was rejected after the head of the trade division asked whether Holden was supposed to be crazy.
It was then that Salinger’s agent, Dorothy Olding, approached Little, Brown and Company, which published the novel in 1951.
After Little, Brown bought the manuscript, Salinger showed it to ’s reception was lukewarm at first.
Many critics were impressed by Holden as a character and, specifically, by his style of narration. The novel remained influential into the 21st century; indeed, many American high schools included it in their curriculum.Salinger was able to create a character whose relatability stemmed from his unreliability—something that resonated with many readers. The novel has been banned numerous times because of its salty language and sexual content.Others, however, felt that the novel was amateur and unnecessarily coarse., Salinger became a recluse. When he awakes, he goes to Phoebe’s school and leaves a note telling her that he plans to run away and asking her to meet him at a museum during lunch.She arrives with a packed bag and insists on going with him.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!He tells her no and instead takes her to the zoo, where he watches her ride the carousel in the pouring rain. The novel closes with Holden explaining that he has fallen “sick” but is expected to go to a new school in the fall.takes the loss of innocence as its primary concern.He reveals to the reader that he has been expelled for failing most of his classes.After he visits Spencer, he encounters his roommate, Ward Stradlater, who asks Holden to write an essay for English class for him while he goes on a date with a longtime friend of Holden’s.