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The vasty majority of modern computer networks, including the little network in your home controlled by your router, use DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).DHCP is a protocol that automatically assigns a new device an IP address from the pool of available IP addresses without any interaction from the user or a system administrator.
A subnet mask looks somewhat like an IP address, but it’s actually just a filter used to determine which part of an IP address designates the network and node.
Routers both modern and antiquated allow users to set static IP addresses for devices on the network, but what’s the practical use of static IP addresses for a home user?
I’ve never used that section before and everything on my home network seems to work fine. It’s obviously there for some reason, even if I’m not sure what that reason is!
Sincerely, IP Curious To help you understand the application of static IP addresses, let’s start with the setup you (and most readers for that matter) have.
Each number is the decimal (base-10) representation for an eight-digit binary (base-2) number, also called an octet.
IPv6 uses 128 binary bits to create a single unique address on the network.Later, we’ll see how a subnet uses these addresses.The IANA has outlined specific uses for multicast addresses within Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) document RFC 5771.Typically, the IPv4 space allows us to have addresses between 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255.However, some numbers in that range are reserved for specific purposes on TCP/IP networks.Read on as we explore when you should, and shouldn’t, assign a static IP.Dear How-To Geek, After reading over your five things to do with a new router article, I was poking around in the control panel of my router.IP addresses on a subnet have two parts: network and node. The node, also called the host, is an individual piece of computer equipment connected to the network and requiring a unique address.Each computer knows how to separate the two parts of the IP address by using a subnet mask.Dynamic IP addresses are issued using a leasing system, meaning that the IP address is only active for a limited time.If the lease expires, the computer will automatically request a new lease.