Nestorian Order Essay

Nestorian Order Essay-51
In the endeavor to make a compromise between Christianity and their philosophical tenets they taught that Christ had not a real body, but merely the appearance of a body, thus reducing the whole of Christs human life to a pretence; hence the name given to these heretics, the Docetists (from a Greek word meaning to appear). John wrote his Gospel to prove the divinity of Christ, and it is to this sect that he refers in his first epistle as the antichrist who denies that Jesus is the Son of God (ii 22, 23).Certain Jews who set the angels higher than Jesus are refuted by St. Forasmuch as the two substances The mention of the see of Antioch makes it opportune at this point to call attention to the two great theological schools of Alexandria and Antioch, which played so important a part in the Christological conotroversies of the fifth century.

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But the revelation of Christ concerning the Fatherhood of God is a mystery which in other generations was not known to the sons of men; it had been hidden from eternity in God, who created all things (Eph.

iii 5, 9); it is a wisdom which is hidden, which God ordained before the world, unto our glory. Peter made his profession of faith in Christ, saying: Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God, Christ answered him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona, because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.

He refers to God as his Father, and when he has occasion to associate himself with us he seems careful to preserve the distinction between our sonship and the much higher relationship in which he himself stands to God We are the sons of God by adoption, partakers of the divine nature, as St.

Peter calls us, because we are destined by divine supernatural favor to enjoy that vision of God which is naturally proper to God himself alone.

Anxious, in accordance with the Antiochene tradition, to safeguard the integrity of the two natures in Chrsit, Diodore, as far as we are able to gather from the fragments of his works that remain, accentuated the distinction between Christs humanity and divinity to the point of separation, so that for him God is one person and Christ another.

Hence while Diodore sacrificed the unity of the Person of Christ to the integrity of his two natures, Apollinaris had recourse to the mutilation of his humanity in order to save the unity of his Person.If God truly became man, while remaining God, one might say of him that God died on the cross, that he was born of the Virgin Mary, that Mary was the mother of God, that Christ, who was passible and mortal according to his humanity, was omnipotent, eternal, the Creator of all things, according to his divinity.Some modern historians have tried to show that Cyril was actuated chiefly, if not solely, by motives of jealousy in his opposition to Nestorius; the latter being represented as the champion of orthodoxy, unjustly persecuted by his powerful rival in Alexandria.This is the first of four essays in the present volume devoted to the theology of the Incarnation, and its object is to explain, so far as space will permit, the doctrine of the hypostatic union, that is, the admirable union of the human and the divine nature in the adorable Person of our Lord Jesus Christ.Well could he say through the mouth of his prophet, Attend and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow (Jer. i 12); there could be no other such sorrow because there could be no other human nature so sensitive and so perfect, none with such capacity for suffering as the humanity which God had made his own.This association of mankind with Christ in his filial relation to the Father, and yet this contrast between his natural filiation and our own adoptive sonship, may truly be said to constitute the essence of the Christian revelation.No wonder then that her cousin Elizabeth hailed her as blessed among women, humbly confused by the honor of this visit from the mother of the Lord; no wonder that the Precursor himself, though yet unborn, is constrained to give testimony to the presence of the divine Messias by leaping in his mothers womb.Christ is shown to be the only-begotten son of God, not merely a partaker of the divine nature, but truly and essentially God, because he enjoys this intimate and intuitive knowledge of the divinity as his own natural right.This then is the meaning of the divine Fatherhood which Christ came to reveal to us: the true and only-begotten Son of God, the second Person of the Blessed Trinity, assumes our human nature that we may be made partakers of his divinity; the divine life, which is in the Word incarnate in all its fullness, is communicated to us through his humanity; Gods own Son lives and dies as man in our midst in order that we may become co-heirs with him of eternal life, adopted sons of God by a real participation in that divine nature which is his by eternal generation.John to be persuaded that Christ is truly God, and secondly because the faith of the Church on this point becomes luminously clear as we follow the Christological controversies of the first six centuries.The Catholic Church has ever re-echoed the profession of faith of St.


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