The tales in the book (as well as those in The Second Jungle Book, which followed in 1895 and includes five further stories about Mowgli) are fables, using animals in an anthropomorphic manner to teach moral lessons.
The verses of "The Law of the Jungle", for example, lay down rules for the safety of individuals, families, and communities.
The Jungle Book (1894) is a collection of stories by the English author Rudyard Kipling.
Most of the characters are animals such as Shere Khan the tiger and Baloo the bear, though a principal character is the boy or "man-cub" Mowgli, who is raised in the jungle by wolves.
Rudyard Kipling was born in India and spent the first six years of his childhood there.
After about ten years in England, he went back to India and worked there for about six-and-a-half years.The Jungle Book has remained popular, partly through its many adaptations for film and other media.Critics such as Swati Singh have noted that even critics wary of Kipling for his supposed imperialism have admired the power of his storytelling.The really fascinating tales are those that the Bodhisat tells of his previous incarnations ending always with the beautiful moral.Most of the native hunters in India today think pretty much along the lines of an animal's brain and I have "cribbed" freely from their tales.Kipling put in them nearly everything he knew or "heard or dreamed about the Indian jungle".The idea of beast-tales seems to me new in that it is a most ancient and long forgotten idea.They teach respect for authority, obedience, and knowing one's place in society with "the law of the jungle", but the stories also illustrate the freedom to move between different worlds, such as when Mowgli moves between the jungle and the village.Critics have also noted the essential wildness and lawless energies in the stories, reflecting the irresponsible side of human nature.In a letter written and signed by Kipling in or around 1895, states Alison Flood in The Guardian, Kipling confesses to borrowing ideas and stories in the Jungle Book: "I am afraid that all that code in its outlines has been manufactured to meet 'the necessities of the case': though a little of it is bodily taken from (Southern) Esquimaux rules for the division of spoils," Kipling wrote in the letter."In fact, it is extremely possible that I have helped myself promiscuously but at present cannot remember from whose stories I have stolen." are evidently set there, though it is not entirely clear where.