Skill Variety – the degree to which the job requires the use of different skills and talents 2.
Task Identity – the degree to which the job has contributed to a clearly identifiable larger project 3. Don’t be tempted to carry anyone who is not up to the job.
Motivation is concerned with the strength and direction of behavior and the factors that influence people to behave in certain ways.
The term ‘motivation’ can refer variously to the goals individuals have, the ways in which individuals chose their goals and the ways in which others try to change their behavior. Intrinsic motivation Intrinsic motivation can arise from the self-generated factors that influence people’s behavior. It can take the form of motivation by the work itself when individuals feel that their work is important, interesting and challenging and provides them with a reasonable degree of autonomy (freedom to act), opportunities to achieve and advance, and scope to use and develop their skills and abilities.
By motivation we then mean the degree to which a person is moved or aroused to act (Rainey, 1993).
Arousal deals with the drive or energy that ignites behavior (Greenberg & Baron, 2003). It is a commitment to the job, work and organization (Rao, 1991).
Importance of motivation One important question before us is why motivation is so important for the managers? Motivation creates satisfaction which helps in improving employee performance and raise productivity.
Although, performance is a function of an employee's abilities, skills and knowledge, it is influenced by work environment and motivation also.
You can buy his physical presence at a given place.
But you cannot buy his enthusiasm or willingness to work.