Models Of Ethical Decision Making Essay

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Three possible consequentialist theories can be considered.

Egoist theorists, such as Stirner, would argue that acts should be driven by self interest and should have the least negative According to Hugh (2000), this action may not benefit all instantaneously but will lead to greater consequences for all affected.

An individual’s intention to act ethically and his/her ethical actions may not be aligned because of pressures or biases that influence decision making.

Individuals with strong ethical character will be more likely to carry out their ethical intentions with ethical action than individuals with a weak ethical character because they are better able to withstand pressures from those within an organization.

He started with the end product -- to take ethical action -- and then determined the steps that produce such behavior.

He concluded that ethical action is the result of four psychological processes: (1) moral sensitivity (recognition), (2) moral judgment (reasoning), (3) moral focus (motivation), and (4) moral character (action).An individual’s ethical motivation influences his/her intention to comply or not comply with ethical judgment in the resolution of an ethical dilemma.Individuals do not always behave in accordance with their ethical intention.Absent ethical intent or the motivation to take the next step, ethical decision-making is not likely to occur.It’s one thing to know what moral reasoning methods direct a person to do, it’s quite another to do it.This essay will consider the possibilities for the teacher from four ethical frameworks and will discuss final recommendations based on this analysis.Consequentialists would argue that an act is right or wrong based on the goodness or badness inherent in the consequences of that act (Hugh, 2000).The first step in moral behavior requires that the individual interpret the situation as moral. In other words, whenever your actions affect others moral issues exist.Absent the ability to recognize that one’s actions affect the welfare of others, it would be virtually impossible to make the most ethical decision when faced with a moral dilemma.We need moral courage to inform higher-ups about our superior’s unethical action – at least we should try to right the wrong.The four components of Rest’s model are processes that must take place for moral behavior to occur.


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