Marxism Crime And Deviance Essay

Marxism Crime And Deviance Essay-31
Individuals may also be labelled as ‘deviant’, simply because they might be involved in political acts that challenge the social order.Marxists believe that laws cannot be ‘neutral ‘, because they are made by the powerful to maintain their own privileged positions.They believe that in a capitalist society, a small group of wealthy people (the bourgeoisie), own the means of production, such as; factories, businesses, land, etc and that they exploit the working class people (the proletariat), so that they can enjoy a huge profit and personal gain, either legally or illegally.

Individuals may also be labelled as ‘deviant’, simply because they might be involved in political acts that challenge the social order.

Crime is inevitable because capitalism by its very nature it causes crime.

It is based on the exploitation of the working class and this may give rise to crime.

Marxists therefore argue that capitalism is crimogenic – it is the single over-riding cause of all crime and deviancy in society due to poverty, unemployment and lack of opportunity.

A poor underclass is formed who have to rely on crime to exist.

The police used violence, under orders from their superiors, who in turn had the tacit approval of their political masters.

This scenario can also be applied, under Marxist theories, to any other so called deviant groups perceived by the authorities, or government, to be a threat, for example, black young male gangs, inner city groups, ‘new age’ travellers , immigrants, student protesters, and so on.

Video by Mr Cline Psy Neo-Marxists are sociologists who have been influenced by Marxism, but recognise that there are problems with traditional Marxist explanations of crime and deviance.

They also seek to combine Marxism with other approaches such as interactionist approaches as they believe that traditional Marxism relies to heavily on the belief that Laws and Law enforcement is a tool of the Ruling Class to suppress the Working Class.

For example poverty may mean that crime is the only way the working class can survive.

Crime may be the only way the working class can obtain the consumer goods they are encouraged by advertising to buy, resulting in utilitarian crimes such as theft.


Comments Marxism Crime And Deviance Essay

  • Free Essays on Marxist Views On Crime And Deviance

    Evaluate the usefulness of Functionalist theories to our understanding of crime and deviance 40 marks understanding of crime and deviance 40 marks A functionalist analysis of crime and deviance begins with society as a whole. It looks for the source of deviance in the nature of society rather than in the individual.…

  • Marxism Crime & Deviance Essay - 1784 Words

    This essay will be discussing both crime and deviance in relations to the causes of this, specially biological theories which suggest that a criminals is predetermined by the genetics to be criminals and the opposite theory which is it’s, mental or psychological factors which cause crime and deviance, the essay also includes counter.…

  • The Marxist Perspective on Crime Essays -

    In this essay, I will look at the Marxist perspective and how it has contributed to the study and understanding of crime and deviance. Whilst Functionalism is a perspective based on ‘value consensus’, Marxism holds at its core the theory of conflict and class struggle in society.…

  • Crime and Deviance - Marxist Approach -

    Marxists state that crime happens as a result of inequality and poverty. 5. Deviant for Whom? • Marxism suggests deviance means to stray from the norms and values of the ruling classes since they control the means of production, and are therefore the intellectual rulers in society.…

  • Assess the usefulness of Marxist approach to an understanding.

    Get Your Custom Essay on Assess the usefulness of Marxist approach to an understanding of crime and deviance’ Just from $13,9/Page Get Essay The lack of social mobility means that people find it difficult to move up the social classes…

  • Marxism and Crime Essay

    Traditional Marxist Perspectives on Crime Marxist Perspective on Crime/3/4/2000/P. Covington/2000 Deviance Disc The history of criminal legislation in England and in many countries shows that an excessive prominence was given by law to the protection of property.…

  • Marxist Theory on Crime and Punishment Essay Example

    According the the Marxist theory, one would interpret Crime and Punishment as a perfect example to the rise of communism. This novel embodies the Marxist theory because it is a proclamation of a proletariat, being that Raskolnikov is out of place in society, struggling from a paralyzing poverty and has a craving for fighting for the common good among a society of unjust people.…

  • Marxism and Crime - Term Paper

    Issues in Marxism. Crime and Deviance AN INTRODUCTION TO CRIME AND DEVIANCE Definitions * Crime- An act which breaks the criminal laws of society. * Deviance- refers to the behaviour which is disapproved of by most people in society and which does not conform to society's norms and values.…

The Latest from ©