He set up Phoenix Farm near Durban and continued his experiments with truth and soul-searching.
He studied the Bible, Henry Thoreau’s essay on Civil Disobedience and the works of Tolstoy.
In 1891, he passed his Bar-at-Law examination and in the summer of the same year returned to India, to his great relief, and he was called to the Bar at Bombay but again as a praclicener of law, he proved a miserable failure.
His self- consciousness was too great a stumbling block to overcome.
His mother was a pious, God-fearing, devout and simple lady given to traditional religious practices such as prayers, reciting of God’s names, counting rosary beads etc. Gandhi’s father came to Rajkot from Porbandar when Gandhi was married at the early age of 13 to Kasturba.
His father was a hereditary diwan of a petty princely state in erstwhile Kathiwara.He remained almost an outcast although he tried to ape the English youth.All his attempts to become a fashionable English gentleman again proved a misadventure as his attempts to smoke and eating meat had proved earlier in India. Karamchand was his father and Putlibai was his mother. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Bapu (the father of the nation) and Mahatma (the great soul) was born at Porbandar on 2nd October, 1869.In South Africa, Gandhi was subjected to too much humiliation, indignities and apartheid.He was even thrown out of a train because he dared to travel in the first class with a white man.He passed matriculation at the age of 17 and then studied for some time in a college at Bhavnagar.When quite young, he tried eating meat and smoking but instantly he was overcome with deep remorse, repentance and revulsion.These trials, tribulations and travails helped him a lot to ponder hard on the matter and to turn towards God for light, guidance and help.This process of deep introspection and prayer, soon transformed him into a determined vocal, analytical and committed person.