Literature Review On Training And Development

Literature Review On Training And Development-22
The clients of training and development are business planners.

While training and development technically have differing definitions, the two are oftentimes used interchangeably and/or together.

Training and development has historically been a topic within applied psychology but has within the last two decades become closely associated with human resources management, talent management, human resources development, instructional design, human factors, and knowledge management.

new technology), or employee development needs (e.g. The degree of effectiveness of training and development programs can be predicted by the needs assessment and how closely the needs were met, the execution of the training (i.e.

how effective the trainer was), and trainee characteristics (e.g. The Occupational Information Network (O*NET) cites training and development specialists as having a bright outlook, meaning that the occupation will grow rapidly or have several job openings in the next few years.

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Training may be viewed as related to immediate changes in organizational effectiveness via organized instruction, while development is related to the progress of longer-term organizational and employee goals.Related professions include training and development managers, (chief) learning officers, industrial-organizational psychologists, and organization development consultants.Training and development specialists are equipped with the tools to conduct needs analyses, build training programs to suit the needs of the organization by using a variety of training techniques, create training materials, and execute and guide training programs.The participants are those who actually undergo the processes.The facilitators are Human Resource Management staff. Each of these groups has its own agenda and motivations, which sometimes conflict with the agendas and motivations of the others.for new employees), organizational-wide problems to address (e.g.performance issues), adaptations needed to suit changing environments (e.g.The "stakeholders" in training and development are categorized into several classes.The sponsors of training and development are senior managers.The scope of training and development also expanded to include cross-cultural training, focus on the development of the individual employee, and the use of new organization development literature to frame training programs.The 1980s marked a shift to focus on how employees were receiving and implementing training programs, and encouraged the collection of data for evaluation purposes, particularly management training programs.


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