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The literature review answers why you should conduct your research.To answer the *why* behind your study, find and analyze other studies that address similar research questions, or studies that address your research question on a different level.Endnote is an excellent way to store your research library and import it into the manuscript in the format required by the journal.
Literature reviews can be categorized as experimental and theoretical.
Experimental literature review basically refers to surveying all the information available on a particular topic and critically analyzing the gaps that need to be worked upon.
On the other hand, systematic reviews follow a well-planned methodology to qualitatively or quantitatively analyze a defined number of studies.
They usually focus on a single question and have clear study objectives that are worked upon in a systematic manner.
Therefore, it is one of the most critical parts of one’s research.
Every research report/ thesis/research article begins with an introduction to the topic of research. The main purpose of the review is to introduce the readers to the need for conducting the said research.Systematic reviews can be accompanied with Meta-analysis which involves statistical analysis of the included studies to increase the power of the results.Discussion: This section usually interprets the study data based on their weighted significance and the power of the results.This section compares and contrasts published studies and identifies gaps that have not been addressed or have been unsuccessfully addressed. This section differs slightly between reviews which are part of research articles and narrative reviews.The section describes the main conclusions from analysis of all the current studies and puts forth further avenues for research.These studies are based on a well-defined strategy unlike narrative reviews.Systematic reviews and narrative reviews are organized slightly differently.The details are described below: Methods (only for systematic reviews): These studies have a comprehensive methodology that starts by narrowing down the literature for the review.Usually, specific inclusion/exclusion criteria are set based on the research questions and databases are searched based on these criteria.A literature review should begin with a thorough literature search using the main keywords in relevant online databases such as Google Scholar, Pub Med, etc.Once all the relevant literature has been gathered, it should be organized as follows: A literature review should not be a mere recounting of all the available information.