Objective: The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women and to determine its association with maternal and fetal outcomes.Settings and Design: This study design was a prospective, observational, community-based study.
Subjects and Methods: Four hundred and forty-six pregnant women were included in the study from three primary health centers in Kolar district by multistage sampling technique and were followed up till 1 week after delivery.
Statistical Analysis: The data were analyzed using SPSS version 22; correlation coefficient, Chi-square test, and logistic regression were used.
The prevalence of anemia increased with the duration of pregnancy, but it was not statistically significant.
Anemia is more common in the women with birth interval During the follow–up, there was a significant improvement in the HB levels from a mean of 10.3-10.72 g%.
Ravishankar Suryanarayana Department of Community Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar - 563 101, Karnataka India Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None Background: Anemia is one of the most common nutritional deficiency disorders affecting the pregnant women in the developing countries.
Anemia during pregnancy is commonly associated with poor pregnancy outcome and can result in complications that threaten the life of both mother and fetus.
No significant positive correlation between birth weight and follow-up Hb of pregnant women was observed in this study (r = 0.041, P = 0.406).
No significant positive correlation was observed between birth weight and follow-up Hb of pregnant women (r = 0.041, P = 0.406).
Independent factors contributing to the risk of anemia was evaluated by logistic regression model.
It was observed that literacy status (OR = 0.576) and bad obstetric history (OR = 15.07) were the important and independent risk factors for anemia among pregnant women [Table 4].