States (in polity / federalism / Development) I’m not saying you should transform into a sterile person writing the essay with out having any personal view/ opinion or righteous anger but, you mustn’t become too much passionate about certain things. you quote Abraham Lincon’s sentence and write George Washington said it. Mao said “Power flows from the barrel of a gun” so you should not write it as You must quote the quote verbatim. Even in the worst case, you’re supposed to write 1200-1500 words for a 250 marks essay.I’m saying all this because you can never be sure about what will be the political / ideological / religious / regional alignment of the examiner. nothing will make you look more stupid in the eyes of the examiner than that. Padding means, you don’t know the exact answer so you just beat around the bushes and write the garbage stuff to fill up the pages, while this tactic does work in the school and college exams but don’t try it in the essay paper.
Essay distinguishes itself from GS in the sense that in GS, marks will be awarded purely for content.
But in essay, examiners will pay special attention to not just the content, but also the language, coherence and the way you organise your write-up.
First timers think they will write an excellent essay in the final exam itself, whereas experienced aspirants believe that since they had already studied a ton for GS, it will alone be enough to write a good essay. I was one of those who made these errors in the past, and it is not a coincidence that I scored only 100 in CSE 2015.
But in 2017, I devoted adequate time to this paper.
What you write on paper will tell the reader how you think, how you argue and the way you substantiate your viewpoint.
This is why for most competitive examinations and academic entrance tests, essay is mandatory.
Same applies while dealing with the big 60 marker question in GS and optional papers.
(not 30 minutes of thinking but atleast 5-7 minutes!
) Essay is not something that can be learned reading one book or reading for 1 month.
It’s a continuous and long process takes some diverse reading before you’ve enough content to write something decent and something big enough to fill 20 pages to fetch 100 marks. I wrote it only from the foriegn policy and law-n-order point of view, without seeing the cultural -historical contexts. Moral of the story: do try to see different angles of the subject and give a thorough thought before you start writing.