High Oil Prices Essay

High Oil Prices Essay-35
In the short run, such a restoration of production might help offset expected production outages from countries such as Venezuela and Iran.However, in the medium term, Dallas Fed economists continue to believe that, due to expected growth in daily global demand, the trend of global supply/demand is fundamentally toward balance. production of natural gas liquids of approximately 4.5 million barrels per day and production of biofuels of approximately 1.2 million barrels per day by year-end 2018.[8] In terms of crude oil production, only Russia, which currently accounts for approximately 11 million barrels per day, produces more than the U.These projects are important to global energy markets because they fundamentally increase medium- and longer-term global oil supply.

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This forecast rate of global demand growth (approximately 1.1 million to 1.5 million barrels per day) should provide a strong underpinning for global energy markets and the resulting price of oil.

The challenge will be producing enough oil to meet demand growth over the next three to five years.[13] Impediments to Growth of U. Shale Oil Production While estimates for growth of U. shale vary among industry observers, our contacts believe that U. shale production should be sufficient to supply a substantial portion of incremental global demand growth for the next few years.

Our economists believe that, over the next several years, the U. will continue to increase its oil production, while consumption growth is expected to flatten due to energy efficiency gains as well as greater use of natural gas and renewable energy sources to meet energy demand.

Global oil markets face a number of uncertainties and challenges.

As West Texas Intermediate (WTI) oil prices have remained above $60 for most of 2018, drilling outside the most attractive portions of the Permian has become more economically appealing for E&P companies.

These areas include the Bakken, parts of the Eagle Ford in South Texas and most of the SCOOP/STACK in Oklahoma.First quarter 2018 estimates indicate that global average oil production was approximately 98.3 million barrels per day and global consumption was approximately 98.4 million barrels per day.[6] These estimates incorporate the December 2016 agreement made by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other oil-producing countries to cut crude oil production by approximately 1.8 million barrels per day.Recently, OPEC and other oil-producing countries have discussed restoring some of this crude oil production cut.Oil supply is substantially comprised of three main segments: crude oil, natural gas liquids and biofuels.[7] It is our view, based on Dallas Fed analysis, surveys and discussions with industry contacts, that U. crude oil production will grow by more than 1 million barrels per day in 2018 and exceed approximately 11.2 million barrels per day by year-end. S.[9] By comparison, Saudi Arabia currently produces approximately 10 million barrels of crude oil per day, having cut approximately 0.5 million barrels per day from its crude oil production as a result of the OPEC agreement.Dallas Fed economists estimate that by year-end 2018, the U. will consume approximately 20.6 million barrels per day of oil. Improvements in shale oil drilling and completion techniques have been a critical element of this growth, with much of the new production occurring in Texas as well as North Dakota, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Colorado.[3] While the U. continues to be a substantial crude oil importer, the shale boom has allowed our country to substantially reduce the percentage of petroleum product consumption that is supplied by imports. and global economies, the Dallas Fed has assembled an experienced team of energy economists, created key industry surveys and built relationships with industry executives in order to build a deep understanding of the energy industry and global energy markets. crude oil production is estimated to have grown from 5.1 million barrels per day in May 2008 to approximately 10.6 million barrels per day in May 2018.[1], [2] As a result of this growth, the U. now represents approximately 13 percent of global crude oil production, up from 7 percent 10 years ago.It is estimated that global oil demand is likely to increase from an average of 98.4 million barrels per day in the first quarter of 2018 to approximately 101.5 million barrels per day by 2020.World Bank and International Monetary Fund projections suggest that global demand growth will continue to be driven primarily by emerging-market economies.However, because of its rapid production decline features, shale requires additional and continuous investment in order to maintain production levels. As shale makes up an increasing percentage of global crude oil supply, the challenge will be to find ways to increase shale well productivity, overcome input shortages and ramp up production to meet incremental global demand growth.Chart 2 shows the growth in shale crude oil output in the U. Growth in Global Demand Demand for oil grew from an average of 90.4 million barrels per day in 2012 to approximately 98.4 million barrels per day in the first quarter of 2018.[12] Much of this growth has come from emerging-market economies, particularly China, India and countries in the Middle East region (see Chart 3 for analysis of global demand growth).


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