- In order to estimate the effect of gender and current smoking on the predictability of hypertension, we need to calculate odds-ratio for both of these risk factors.
Therefore, according to the odds ratio for gender [exp (B) = 0.776)], it is clear that the odds of hypertension are 0.776 times less for females compared to males (reference category), or in other words, females are 22.4% times less likely to develop hypertension than males.
There are two models of a healthcare which consist of the single payer and the social insurance system.
In the single payer model, taxes are paid to the government which then pays healthcare providers such as nurses, doctors, and dentists to provide health services to individuals.
First, Congress changed the policy to have more children become eligible and in 1984 pregnant women and children in two parent families were granted health care if income restrictions were met.
Policy changes are met with an array of complex political roadblocks that make much needed reform difficult to accomplish.Any type of reform in America is incremental and piecemeal especially health care.For example Medicaid has had many much needed changes since its beginning in 1965.Being a capital nation we are under the notion that the private sector can best organize and operate the production and consumption of goods and services in our country rather than the government.The US health care system is fragmented so much that it is almost impossible to track.The State Children’s Health Insurance Program deals with people who are uninsured or low income children.There are so many aspects that can make up healthcare policy and there will be many more that will have an impact on healthcare in the future.- Since male is the reference category, gender is a categorical variable.The coefficient refers to the comparisons of the odds at two different level of predictor.The b- value of the risk factor gender is -0.2524, and the corresponding odds-ratio is (exp (B) = 0.776) that means women are 22.4% less likely to develop hypertension compared to males.The p-value indicates that it is statistically significant (p= 0.01).