He says that the only ways to prevent the forming of factions are to eliminate liberty or to create a homogenous society, and since both are impossible, the government must choose to control the effects of the factions.
Madison argues that a republic system of government will help to prevent the harm caused by factions because a large republic contains many interests that need to be represented without being overshadowed by highly populated/likeminded areas.
Being aware of the risk, however, the federalists can construct a union that will not fall victim to factions.
Madison takes a moment to define a faction as a group of citizens whose aims are antithetical to the common good or to other groups of citizens.
He then goes on to propose two ways of dealing with factions: eliminating the causes and managing the effects.
Right away, Madison says that we can't eliminate the causes because the only ways to do so are to remove freedom of thought and action or to make everyone have the same opinions.Factions are groups of citizens, and can be both dangerous and necessary.Madison believed that factions are unavoidable because men, by nature, seek out other men who hold similar opinions and desires.First of all, if the faction is not the majority, the "republican principle" is enough to manage the faction: they will not win a majority vote.Madison proposes a republic as the panacea for the ills of factions.Federalist Paper 10 is one of the most popular and recognizable of the collection.It is one of history's most highly praised pieces of American political writing.- [Narrator] In other videos we have talked about how ratification of the US Constitution to replace the Articles of Confederation was not a slam dunk.After the Constitution was drafted during the Constitutional Convention in mid 1787, you actually have a significant group of people who are against the ratification.Madison seeks to convince the reader that the republic proposed by the federalists will be the best way for the people to have a voice and to avoid being taken advantage of.He also argues that the union he and his co-authors envision will be carefully constructed to avoid the pitfalls of other democratic unions that have failed.