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Over time, the military was transformed into a mercenary army with no real loyalty to Rome.As money grew tight, the government hired the cheaper and less reliable Germanic soldiers to fight in Roman armies.The Angles and Saxons populated the British Isles, and the Franks ended up in France. The order that the Roman Empire had brought to western Europe for 1000 years was no more.
Other fundamental problems contributed to the fall.
In the economically ailing west, a decrease in agricultural production led to higher food prices.
To make up for the lack of money, the government began producing more coins with less silver content. Finally, piracy and attacks from Germanic tribes disrupted the flow of trade, especially in the west.
There were political and military difficulties, as well.
The city was his New Rome and was later named Constantinople (the "city of Constantine").
Empress Theodora was one of the most powerful women of late antiquity. Constantinople was advantageously situated for two reasons.In 324, Constantine's army defeated the forces of Licinius, the emperor of the east.Constantine became emperor of the entire empire and founded a new capital city in the eastern half at Byzantium.The invading army reached the outskirts of Rome, which had been left totally undefended. E., the Visigoths, led by Alaric, breached the walls of Rome and sacked the capital of the Roman Empire.The Visigoths looted, burned, and pillaged their way through the city, leaving a wake of destruction wherever they went. For the first time in nearly a millennium, the city of Rome was in the hands of someone other than the Romans.Some scholars also believe that Constantine established a new city in order to provide a place for the young religion of Christianity to grow in an environment purer than that of corrupt Rome.The western Empire spoke Latin and was Roman Catholic.Wave after wave of Germanic barbarian tribes swept through the Roman Empire.Groups such as the Visigoths, Vandals, Angles, Saxons, Franks, Ostrogoths, and Lombards took turns ravaging the Empire, eventually carving out areas in which to settle down. Romulus, the last of the Roman emperors in the west, was overthrown by the Germanic leader Odoacer, who became the first Barbarian to rule in Rome.She helped keep her husband, Emperor Justinian, in power and solidified the strength of the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century C. First, it was on a peninsula that could be fortified and defended easily.Further, because Constantinople was located on the frontiers of the empire, imperial armies could respond more easily to external attacks or threats.