On the ground, US troops, commanded by General William Westmoreland, defeated Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces around Chu Lai and in the Ia Drang Valley that year.Following these defeats, the North Vietnamese elected to avoid fighting conventional battles and focused on engaging US troops in small unit actions in the sweltering jungles of South Vietnam.
Why was this group formed and what methods did it employ? Why did Lyndon Johnson decide to commit American forces to the conflict in Vietnam? Evaluate the leadership of General William Westmoreland between 19. Describe the challenges faced by American combat soldiers in Vietnam.
What people, advice and factors influenced Johnson’s decision? Explain why Thailand, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand contributed military forces to the war in Vietnam. The Gulf of Tonkin incident provided a pretext for American military involvement in Vietnam. What was Westmoreland’s strategy for protecting South Vietnam? What conditions and factors blunted the effectiveness of the American military? Consider the causes and effects of the My Lai massacre of March 1968.
Worried about the situation, the Kennedy Administration elected to increase aid to South Vietnam.
As part of the larger goal of containing the spread of communism, the United States endeavored to train the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) and supplied military advisors to aid in combating the guerrillas.
The Vietnam War first began in 1959, five years after the division of the country by the Geneva Accords.
Vietnam had been divided into two, with a communist regime in the north under Ho Chi Minh and a democratic government in the south under Ngo Dinh Diem.This collection of Vietnam War essay questions has been written and compiled by Alpha History authors, for use by teachers and students. In doing so, why did he refer to the United States Declaration of Independence? During World War II the United States provided material support to Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh. Who ruled the North and what were their objectives? Evaluate North Vietnam’s policy of land reform during the mid to late 1950s.They can also be used for short-answer questions, homework activities and other research or revision tasks. What methods did they use to assert and expand their control? Investigate the growth of the Viet Minh in the mid-1940s. Did these reforms make life better for the majority of people? Investigate the background and political views of Ngo Dinh Diem.If you would like to contribute a question to this page, please contact us. Describe the politics, economics, social structures and culture of medieval Vietnam. Why did Vietnamese nationalists like Ho Chi Minh turn to communism after World War I? How did he become the leader of South Vietnam in 1954? Western nations described Ngo Dinh Diem as the “Asian Churchill” and “our man in Saigon”.How did ordinary Vietnamese people live prior to the arrival of Europeans? Discuss Vietnam’s contact and relationship with the West, up to 1850. Referring to at least three movements or leaders, explain how some Vietnamese resisted the French colonial regime. Was Diem a Western puppet, an Asian nationalist or a loose cannon? Discuss the ‘Agroville’ and ‘Strategic Hamlets’ programs, initiated by Ngo Dinh Diem with Western backing.The war in Vietnam occurred during the Cold War and is generally viewed as an indirect conflict between the United States and Soviet Union with each nation and its allies supporting one side.The most commonly used dates for the conflict are 1959-1975.In 1959, Ho commenced a guerilla campaign in South Vietnam, led by Viet Cong units, with the goal of reuniting the country under a communist government.These guerilla units often found support among the rural population who desired land reform.This period begins with North Vietnam's first guerilla attacks against the South and ends with the fall of Saigon.American ground forces were directly involved in the war between 19.