He argues that black crime happens because tribal society has been destroyed, and that white society bears some responsibility for the destruction.
In that sense, the whole social system is unjust, and the lawyer argues that should be considered in evaluating the case against Absalom.
But things got considerably worse before they got better.
In 1948, when the novel was first published, the Nationalist Party came to power and created the system of strict racial segregation known as apartheid.
What are the different ways in which John Kumalo and Msimangu address the problem of racial injustice?
The basic difference between Kumalo and Msimangu is between a political and a spiritual approach to the problem. The church speaks with fine words, he says, and condemns unjust laws, but it has been doing this for fifty years, and things get worse, not better.According to the judge, South African law says that an intention to kill may be inferred from such circumstances. The question of fairness really revolves around the extent to which an individual can excuse his actions and blame them on a corrupt society.This is in part the defense used by Absalom's lawyer, Mr.His approach is a radical, spiritual one: "But there is only one thing that has power completely, and that is love.Because when a man loves, he seeks no power, and therefore he has power." The different approaches are demonstrated vividly in the public speeches of the two men. How does today's South Africa differ from the country depicted in 1948? South Africa today is almost unrecognizable from the country depicted in Cry, the Beloved Country.Huge political and social changes have taken place since 1946, the year in which the novel is set.He is also suspicious of those black people who seek power, because he believes that power corrupts them.They may be well motivated to begin with, but they become selfish, and use power for their own ends.The strike for which Kumalo calls seems to have little effect, but Part III of the novel, which emphasizes the cooperation between white and black people in the revitalizing of Ndotsheni, seems to fulfill Msimangu's words in chapter 7: "I see only one hope for our country, and that is when white men and black men, desiring neither power nor money, but desiring only the good of their country, come together to work for it." 3. Although Cry, the Beloved Country is a novel about injustice, Absalom Kumalo appears on the face of it to receive a fair trial.Since he admitted that he killed Arthur Jarvis, the issue is not one of guilt or innocence but of intent, since he claims that he did not intend to kill.