Rehabilitation is “a program for reforming the offender to prevent later offenses” (Macionis, 2006).Tags: Creative Writing Ba University LondonPhd Thesis On SuicideCompare And Contrast Booker T Washington And Web Dubois EssayHomework Questions And AnswersThe Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking AppraisalPersuasive Essay On A Child Called ItAccounting Dissertation ExamplesFun Research Paper Topics For College StudentsComparison And Contrast Essay Between Two FriendsRajiv Gandhi Medical College Thesis
The final justification for punishment is societal protection.
Societal protection means “rendering an offender incapable of further offenses temporarily through imprisonment or permanently by execution” (Macionis, 2006).
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Over the past few decades, crime rates have fluctuated, but have been fairly stable numbers.
We have not seen the decline in crime that one would expect to with the growth in prison or jail inmates.
Like deterrence, the primary focus of societal protection is protecting society.
The intent is to render a punishment that leaves the deviant incapable of committing the crime again.
What type of punishment deters crime most effectively? Retribution is “an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused by the crime” (Macionis, 2006).
With retribution, we assume that society is morally balanced. Retribution is thought to restore the balance by granting a punishment that fits the crime; for example, “and eye for an eye”.