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Being the successor of the British Commonwealth of Nations, it is a loose association of former British colonies.At present, the Commonwealth has 54 member countries with a combined population of nearly 2 billion — nearly one third of the worlds population.The Commonwealth Secretariat has its headquarters in London and is composed of 320 staff members from the member countries. The purpose of the voluntary Commonwealth is for international cooperation and to advance economics, social development, and human rights in member countries.
Protests were also banned during the summit. President Mahinda Rajapaksa summarised the summit’s events as: “Issues covered in the communique include development, political values, global threats, challenges and Commonwealth cooperation.” This was the first time in 40 years that the Head of the Commonwealth, Queen Elizabeth II, was not present at the CHOGM.
Member countries Fifty-three countries are members of The Commonwealth.
(Ireland permanently left the Commonwealth in 1949, Newfoundland became part of Canada in 1949, and South Africa left in 1961 due to apartheid but rejoined in 1994 as the Republic of South Africa).
In 1946, the word “British” was dropped and the organization became known as simply the Commonwealth of Nations.
Australia and New Zealand adopted the Statute in 19, respectively.
Sample Scholarship Application Essay - Essay Writing Commonwealth S 2010
With India’s independence in 1947, the new country desired to become a Republic and to not utilize the monarchy as their head of state.List of Member Nations Origins of the Commonwealth Towards the end of the nineteenth century changes began occurring in the old British Empire, as the colonies grew in independence.In 1867 Canada became a ‘dominion’, a self-governing nation considered equal with Britain rather than simply ruled by her.This ensures even the smallest member countries have a voice in shaping The Commonwealth.The Commonwealth of Nations, or simply the Commonwealth, defines itself as an association of sovereign nations that support each other and work together towards international goals.The phrase ‘Commonwealth of Nations’ was used to describe the new relationships between Britain and colonies by Lord Rosebury during a speech in Australia in 1884.More dominions followed: Australia in 1900, New Zealand in 1907, South Africa in 1910 and the Irish Free State in 1921.As the British Empire began its process of decolonization and the creation of independent states from former British colonies, there arose a need for an organization of countries formerly part of the Empire.In 1884, Lord Rosebery, a British politician, described the changing British Empire as a “Commonwealth of Nations.” Thus, in 1931, the British Commonwealth of Nations was founded under the Statute of Westminster with five initial members – the United Kingdom, Canada, the Irish Free State, Newfoundland, and the Union of South Africa.The colonial past is the natural binding factor for these acountries.Most have certain common elements in their culture — common sports like cricket and rugby, driving on the left, British type parliamentary and legal systems and use of British spellings.