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” This is property, theft who created and institutionalized inequality between men.Work, and oppression that results is a consequence of the property.Thus, the first words used had more meaning today, language and specializes as and when it develops.
What crimes, wars, murders, what miseries and horrors would not have saved the human race who, pulling up the stakes or filled in the ditch, had shouted to his fellows: “Beware of listening to this imposter, you are lost if you forget that the fruits belong to all and that the earth belongs to no one!
” But there is great likelihood that then things had already come to the point of not being able to last as they were, for the idea of ownership, depending on many prior ideas that have arisen successively, not formed not all at once in the human mind: he had to make much progress, acquire good of the industry and lights, and increase the transmit from age to age, before reaching the latter term the state of nature.
This speech, unlike an essay, is written with a pen passionate, even fiery at times, making reading a pleasure.
In terms of methodology, Rousseau traces the journey of humanity from its origin (but outside any religious context), the paints in his state of nature to better understand how humanity, decadent according to him, got there .
is one of the strongest critics of modernity ever written.
Rousseau describes the ravages of modernity on human nature and civilization inequality are nested according to the Genevan thinker.This will be the source of perfectibility leaving the natural state and the cause of his misfortune, according to Rousseau. So he studied the man in two forms: physical appearance and its moral and psychological.Rousseau also describes the evolution of language: cry of nature at the outset, the language is changing because his ideas are more complex.To achieve this, Rousseau uses a thought experiment, the state of nature, which is therefore not a historical truth.Rousseau described the man in nature: it is a strong, agile, smaller but more organized than the animals in his environment.Establishes property classes, conflicts between rich and poor because the owner acts as if possessed workers.The solution to this conflict is a contract, proposed by the rich to the poor, to form political societies.At this stage, if the natural man was governed by the need, the civilized man of leisure lives as cooperation and division of labor frees his time.The arts thrive, of course, but human relations are now based on interest rather than pity.His body is his only tool, and his only weapon (even Rousseau said that man of civilization would be easily beaten by the natural man in a fight).Dépouvru of moral sense, the natural man neither knows neither good nor evil, he is a sub-moral (and vice refutes Rousseau attributed by Hobbes to human nature). He has few needs, and for that he easily manages to satisfy them.