Essay On Taxation

Taxation finances the production of goods and services that the market undersupplies, is the source of income for those in need, and is used to incentivize behaviour -- to encourage people to reduce the consumption of personally or socially or environmentally unhealthy things and practices.Yet, a quick search on work by moral and political philosophers on taxation will reveal an interesting fact: it is a subject that has not received much detailed attention.In a memorable passage in (1974), Nozick claimed that "Taxation of earnings from labour is on par with forced labor" (p. In Nozick's libertarian world view, mandatory taxation is limited to providing for a minimal state that protects and enforces property rights only.

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An illuminating feature of the collection is that it opens up what Alan Hamlin, in "What Political Philosophy Should Learn from Economics about Taxation", denotes as the "black box" technology of taxation.

Political philosophers, he notes, are especially prone to call upon this technology to "put into effect whatever distribution of economic benefits and burdens that is required by the normative theory under discussion" (p. Hamlin unpacks the black box with an elegant review and understanding of different economic theories of taxation: Optimal Taxation, the Political Economy of Taxation, and the Tax Constitution Approach.

CDHA responded to this key issue by advocating in support of maintaining the tax-free status on employer-provided health care benefits, which helps improve the health and oral health of Canadians.

Read More: Thank you for your interest in the Don’t Tax My Health Benefits site.

We also sincerely thank the 80,000 Canadians who shared their concerns with their elected members, and all the Members of Parliament who responded.

Tax policy is therefore a key element of the wherewithal of our personal lives.

Again, critics of economics take note: Fleurbaey achieves his goal without a formula in sight; however, his formal work on taxation underlies the essay.

Geoffrey Brennan's "Striving for the Middle Ground: Taxation, Justice, and the Status of Private Rights" begins by directly engaging Murphy and Nagel and also by expanding on the Tax Constitution approach outlined by Hamlin. There is a methodological reason for this, because he asks what the "constitutional architecture" of society would deliver in terms of a tax system. Rather, it is an investigation into basic democratic procedures and the structure of private rights (that include property rights) and how these determine a just tax system.

When we think about issues of social justice in practice, we cannot avoid thinking at the same time about tax" (p. Taxation is foundational to our thinking about property rights, democracy, and the nature and role of the state. Part I (seven essays) focusses on normative and conceptual questions.

Part II (five essays) delves into a variety of policy issues.


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