Essay On Privatization Of Education In Pakistan

Essay On Privatization Of Education In Pakistan-85
It is also closely associated with the state’s obligation to respect the liberty of parents to choose schools other than public schools for their children if they wish to do so.The educational choice of parents ensures that families can choose education that is in line with their own religious and moral convictions.Under international human rights law, states have the obligation to regulate and to monitor private education institutions.

It is also closely associated with the state’s obligation to respect the liberty of parents to choose schools other than public schools for their children if they wish to do so.

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EVERY three months, Shahbaz Sharif, the chief minister of Punjab, gathers education officials around a large rectangular table.

The biggest of Pakistan’s four provinces, larger in terms of population (110m) than all but 11 countries, Punjab is reforming its schools at a pace rarely seen anywhere in the world.

In this decision, the Supreme Court of Louisiana held that public resources constitutionally reserved for public schools cannot be allocated to private school, either directly or indirectly through a voucher programme.

Since 2015, various education stakeholders have been working together to develop guiding principles that would compile together existing customary and conventional human rights law as it relates to private actors in education.

While international human rights law does not clearly state who the direct provider of education services should be, CESCR General Comment 13 states: 'it is clear that article 13 [of the ICESCR] regards states as having principal responsibility of direct provision of education in most circumstance.

States Parties recognise for example, that the "development of a system of schools at all levels shall be actively pursued"' (1999: Para. The state is ultimately responsible for ensuring that the right to education is upheld regardless of the provider of education.The Secretariat supports the independent Expert Group, composed of recognised experts acting in their personal capacity, who will discuss, input into, and validate successive drafts of the Guiding Principles.As part of a broad consultative process to develop the guiding principles, various regional and thematic consultations are being convened over the course of 20 with a range of stakeholders, including: civil society organisations, state representatives, human rights organisations and experts in the fields of education and law, academics, international and regional organisations and other actors.Additionally, the unmonitored and unregulated expansion of private sector provision of education, such as for profit schools or low fee private schools, may have a privatising effect if students have no other choice of school.See PERI website for more details on the types of privatisation.Asked what that entails, he responds: “Four words: F-I-R-E.It is survival of the fittest.” About 30% of district heads have been sacked for poor results in the past nine months, says Mr Malik.In April 2016, as part of its latest scheme, private providers took over the running of 1,000 of the government’s primary schools. By the end of this year, Mr Sharif has decreed, it will be 10,000.The quarterly “stocktakes” are his chance to hear what progress is being made towards this and other targets—and whether the radical overhaul is having any effect. Leaders of struggling districts are called to Lahore for what Allah Bakhsh Malik, Punjab’s education secretary, calls a “pep talk”.Private actors may include companies, religious institutions, or non-governmental organisations.There are many different ways in which privatisation can occur, through for example, the development of public private partnerships.

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